There are more than 350 species of termites in India. Some of the common species include
Termites are social insects, working and living together in groups called colony. Each colony contains several types termite individuals (castes) which differ in body shape and behaviour and each caste performs different tasks.
These castes are identified as:
Soldiers - distinguished by their heavily armoured and pigmented heads Reproductives (i.e. Queen and King)
Subterranean termites are the most destructive termites in India. They build their nests underground and can also construct mounds that go above ground level. Mature colonies may consist of more than 2 million individuals and the queens are capable of laying 2000 eggs per day. Termite colonies may exist for as long as 50 years
The Worker Caste dominate the colony population, they are wingless, sterile and blind. Their primary role is to build the nest, tend the eggs and young, and gather the food. They also feed other castes incapable of feeding themselves.
The Soldier Caste is also wingless, sterile and blind. Their primary function is protection of the colony from natural enemies and their mandibles are so modified that they cannot feed themselves.
Scientific name:Blatta orientalis
This large cockroach species typically reaches 26-32mm in length during adulthood. It has a shiny deep red – to brownish-black colouring. Males and females look different because of their wing appearance, which is larger on the males.
Originating from North Africa, the Oriental cockroach is now found throughout the world but less so in Europe.
It prefers humid, dark and concealed harbourages, such as cellars, ducting and other underground parts of buildings. Deceptively, the harbourage may be located outside an infested area, being reached by the cockroach through under-floor cavities, ducting or drains.
It is most commonly found around the ground-floor of buildings, although sometimes it can be discovered on higher levels.
It is known for its love of water and in a building, can be located in sewers, drains, basements, cellars, under sinks, baths or washing machines.
Like the German cockroach, the main period of activity is early in the evening but unlike this species it is not a similarly accomplished climber, which means it is more commonly located at ground level.
The female lays her eggs in capsules called ootheca, the life cycle can be lengthy with the nymph stage lasting from 6-12 months.
This species will feed on any type of decaying organic matter, including garbage, carrying the bacteria with them on every surface that they traverse.
In the course of their foraging activity, the nymphs, larvae and adults can contaminate and infect foodstuffs. They secrete an odorous discharge from their body which also taints and contaminates food.
Like other cockroach species, the Oriental Cockroaches transmit bacteria as they walk, transferring pathogens such as salmonella and e.coli to every area they scurry across.
Mosquitoes are pervasive insects. Depending on the species, they breed in all types of water from heavily polluted to clean water and from small collections of water in tin cans to pools, ponds or streams.
Mosquitoes not only cause nuisance by their bites but also transmit serious human diseases like:
Japanese Encephalitis, etc.
Control measures are directed towards the larvae or adults. Adult mosquitoes are controlled by using aerosol, repellents, treated bed nets, mosquito coils etc. at individual household level. However, effective management of mosquitoes can only be achieved by Integrated Vector Management (IVM).
IVM involves minimizing larval breeding sites by sealing drains, removing receptacles that accumulate water and ensuring that water does not stagnate near the building. Where these physical measures are not possible, larvicides are applied regularly to keep check on the development of mosquito larvae into adult stage.
To control adult mosquitoes that enter the houses or commercial premises, use of indoor residual sprays (IRS) is done by spraying on the walls. Alternatively, space sprays such as thermal fogging or ULV applications can also be done to rapidly reduce adult mosquito populations indoors or outdoors.
Scientific name:Monomorium pharaonis
This small ant is yellow-brown in colour with well-developed black eyes. Workers tend to be 1.5-2mm long, while the male is slightly larger at 3mm long and is a darker black colour with wings. The Queen is 3.6-5mm long, she is dark red and winged.
Widely distributed across Australia, they need warm, humid conditions which mean that in temperate lands they are confined to buildings and often found infesting hospitals.
Infestations are discovered in a wide variety of locations including residential blocks, hotels, hospitals, zoos and on board ships. In warmer climates, infestations can even be found outside.
The insects locate themselves in the fabric of buildings (wall voids, windows etc.) or in plants and sterile supplies. They can spread through service ducts (e.g. heating and electrical conduits). The ants forage for water around sinks and areas of condensation.
Ants forage for meat, cheese, fat, sugar, honey, jam etc. In hospital, they will feed on blood and intravenous diet fluids. Dead insects, mice and droppings can also provide a food source.
There are several queens in one nest (polygenic). Winged Pharaoh ants do not fly. The queens are interchangeable, so colonies survive indefinitely. Disturb, rather than destroy the nest, and there is a strong likelihood that you will encourage a new colony.
These social insects live in colonies from a few dozen to 300,000 ants. The ants can survive low temperatures for prolonged periods where the workers continue to forage for food.
Materials are often damaged by the ant’s constant chewing with their strong mandibles. They can even penetrate the plastic bags containing sterile dressings and instruments.
Pharaoh ants pose a risk to health as pathogenic organisms can be transmitted when the ants feed in unhygienic places including drains, bins or even wound dressings.
Spiders are found all over the world. There are two types of spiders found around the home: ground dwellers and web makers. Spiders which thrive on the ground are usually much stronger than their web building cousins. Web builders are spiders which are not built to be on the ground. They are usually fragile, weak, slow, lacking grip and not able to defend themselves when out of their webs
Sanitation and housekeeping for spider control
They are cold-blooded animals and most species of lizards are harmless but they scare most the humans specially Kids. People dislike lizards because of their slimy skin. The only ways in which a lizard can cause any kind of damage is by leaving behind its droppings and eggs in completely unexpected places, such as between the clothes in our closets, or in a corner of an open loft, or even, simply, in some nook on the floor. Our methods of lizard control provide you with a lizard-free environment. We not only remove the lizards present in your household area, but also prevent their return
We are the leading lizard control provider.
Bed bugs are the most annoying cosmopolition pests,attacking all,whether hygiene plays a role or not.They are hitch-hikers and very common in public transport,hospitals,theatres,hotels,etc..They move from place to place along with people's clothes,baggage or even the laptops.Since they are mostly found in beds they are aptly named 'BED BUGS'.During the day,bed bugs hide as their flattend shapes lets them squeeze into narrow places in bed Frames,headboards,in beside furniture,behind picture & switch plates,behind baseboards, under buttons on mattresses,in box springs and in other cracks & Services and feed on human blood at night.The bed bug injects an anti-coagulant chemical into blood stream of its host which prevents the blood from clotting,which allows the bed bugs to suck out the blood untill it is fully engorged.Next day Morning,you can notice dots of blood in a line on bed sheets.These blood stains have a very bad odor.
Species category:Beetles & Weevils
Scientific name: Anthrenos Verbasci
Family: Dermestidae (skin feeders)
All carpet beetles are between 2-4mm long with the exception of the Fur Beetle which is 4.5-6mm long. The Varied Carpet Beetle is brown or black and mottled with yellow or white scales. The Fur Beetle is black and covered in white hairs.
The varied carpet beetle is indigenous to Europe and in England. The furniture carpet beetle is of a subtropical origin and cold sensitive.
Warm, dry conditions are ideal for Carpet Beetles’ development but they can survive in foodstuffs with very low moisture content. The Museum beetle is often found in museums where it is a particular pest of dried specimens. The Fur Beetle may be found in fur, skins, textiles and grain.
Adult carpet beetles are found outdoors and live off pollen and nectar.
Pests of animal products and occasionally food products of plant origin, Carpet Beetles are major textile pests. They thrive in situations where they remain undisturbed, e.g. beneath carpets and around skirting boards.
Larvae cause considerable damage to keratin-containing products such as wool, fur and leather. Occasionally food products of plant origin can be attacked.
Damage takes the form of clean irregular holes in textiles. There’s no webbing or excrement present, so by the time larvae are observed, considerable damage has often occurred.
Carpet beetles are not a health hazard but are potential vectors of anthrax.
Flies particularly are one of the most dangerous kinds of insect since they carry bacteria and other harmful micro-organism from filthy places to our food.Flies are the carriers of diseases like cholera,dysentery,typhoid and other food-borne diseases.Flies are the filthy transmitters of diseases because they have the habit of regurgitating food from their gut as they feed,and excreting faecal pellets on the food.The order of decaying organic matter attracts flies the most.
The food must be kept in the air tight containers and cabinets.
Sinks,tables and floors must be kept clean and no food wastes must be left there.
Dishes and utensils must be washed throughly after meals.Avoid storing left overs.
If there are any cracks of crevice in your wall seal them.
Clear away old newspapers,boxes and cardboard cartons as they are often the best hiding places for the cockroach.
Inspect all the incoming stock,crates and boxes for cockroaches and their eggs cases before stages.
If you are looking forward to long term solution for infestation then call Orion pest for Professional Help
Pests in Arizona come in all sizes and shapes. These pests include spiders, scorpions, roaches, rodents, termites, wasps and many others, to numerous to mention here. Pest Control Solutions has developed a program to maximize control of these pests. We call this our “all pest service”.
Dusting of attics (twice a year)
Dusting exterior block walls (three times a year)
Yard Granulation (every 2 months)
Power spraying exterior portions of the property
Interior spraying of the house
Ant treatment with Termidor (once at the beginning of summer)
A honeycomb is a mass of hexagonal wax cells built by honey bees in their neststo contain their larvae and stores of honey and pollen. Beekeepers may remove the entire honeycomb to harvest honey. Honey bees consume about 8.4 lb (4 kg) of honey to secrete 1 lb (500 g) of wax, so it makes economic sense to return the wax to the hive after harvesting the honey.